The presence of even the largest land plot does not mean that the house is built within its limits anywhere. The correct location of the house on the site is regulated by a number of rules, norms, special studies. With competent placement, the dwelling will be warm, well lit, no problems with neighbors will not arise.
The location of the house on the plot is not only a matter of taste and its own preferences. There are certain standards regulating the placement of buildings on the land plot.
Tips that will help arrange buildings on the site reasonably
After the acquisition, a piece of the Earth shares - first by pegs with a rope stretched between them, after - a full fence.
The boundaries of land ownership are indicated by the land columns, which put geodesists when carrying out the boundaries of the site into nature
You can make your land right after surveying
If the sections of neighbors are located nearby, certain rules apply within the boundaries of the ownership:
- The house has five meters from the road;
- at least ten meters from the river, stream;
- 30 or more from the reservoir;
- three meters from any trees;
- at least three meters from the fence of the neighbors;
- up to 15 meters from the toilet.
Minimum distance between objects in neighboring sites
Also regulated fire prevention distances:
- For brick houses - six or more meters from each other;
- between wooden - from 10 meters;
- From brick to wooden - at least eight meters.
To the question of how to arrange the construction in the site, experts in the design of landscapes, as well as the relevant literature.
The minimum distance between residential buildings depends on the materials from which they were erected
The distance from the border of the site to the house is measured from the wall if the roofing or canopy does not protrude than 0.5 m. If the protrusion is greater, the measurement is made by its edge
The minimum area of the construction site is 6 acres, while housing should not occupy more than 30%
Insolation - the basis of the location of the house on the sides of the world
On a plot that has multiple irregularities, problems often arise with construction. In Nizina, the house does not build - it will be raw in it, and the basement risks to be flooded groundwater. It is also not desirable that the structure overlap the hills, large alpine slides, obscure the sun.
The location of the residential building on the hill will reduce the risk of flooding with groundwater
The ideal option is the location of your own house on the sides of the light on the site - to place it on the hills, making the entrance to the northeast. In the old days, the orientation regarding the parties to the Light took into account every Slav, building housing for his family.
Distribution of premises in the house relative to the parties
The distribution of the premises here will be approximately:
- South side - there will be a children's room, living room, music and games room, office, dining room, greenhouse. This is the most sunny part - in the summer and in winter it penetrates a lot of sunlight and "keeps" it for a long time. In order for the summer in the room there was not hot, in front of the window plant high plants.
- The north side is a suitable place for storage rooms, Chulanov, garage, boiler room, toilet, home laundry, other utility rooms. The sun here is small, the space is highlighted evenly, but not bright, because artificial light is necessary. It is not advisable to do large windows on this site - it will lead to significant heat losses due to cold winter winds.
- Eastern side - there are "adults" bedrooms, mini-gym, swimming pool, dressing room, workshop. In this space, excellent lighting in the morning, especially in summer. Before the window usually makes the lawn, landing low bushes that do not overlapping access to the sun.
- The western side is the most appropriate space for stairs, homemade utensils storage sites, corridors. This is the most exposed wind place. The sun penetrates here only in the evening. In defective purposes (from winds, precipitation, overheating), it is planted with a dense, but not too high "live elevation".
Orientation options at home on the sides of the world:
How to place a house on a plot of 10 acres?
The convenient location of the house and other buildings on a plot of about ten hectares, depends on the form of the latter. The perfect option is a space close to the square. On such a house put in the middle, but permissible and angular placement.
Option of placing buildings on a plot of square shape
Planning a rectangular area with residential house
Placement of buildings on the trapezoidal form
Options for planning a triangular area with house, bath and garage
Project of building a section of the M-shaped
Nozpostroy, other significant objects are placed so that they can be comfortably used without disturbing the borders of the neighbors. For this, the regulated distances from the fence are observed. If the house is intended for a large family, it makes sense to make it T-shaped, M-shaped - then space for recreation, placement of green plantings, will remain more.
The residential building is often put closer to the front edge of the site, leaving a garage or parking place before it.
When the street is too noisy, the house is better to place in the depths of the site, hiding its garden trees
How to locate a house on Feng Shui?
The suitable location of the house on the plot according to the Philosophy of Feng Shui, begins with a clear definition of the parties of the world.
Location of the house and rooms on Feng Shui
Feng Shui recommends the following:
- The house is put as close as possible to the center of the existing space;
- a very favorable place - on the mountain, any flat hill, its southern slope;
- On the elongated territory, the construction is placed along the long side;
- Common rooms do not have in the western part of the dwelling;
- Bedrooms are equipped in the south-east;
- The kitchen is done in the northern part;
- Behind the house, but not close to it, plant a large tree;
- Building placed on the plain surrounded by bushes;
- Near the water, especially standing, as well as in places near the steep bends of rivers, building housing is not desirable;
- The most favorable for the construction of the house square, round, trapezoidal sections;
- Construction on a triangular, T-shaped, cruciform territory will not bring happiness to residents;
- A good sign is considered if the site to the right of the house is slightly lower than the space on the left;
- Large mirrors, glass surfaces are extremely undesirable, as they reflect positive energy.
Clearly observe all the rules of Feng Shui makes sense if a person is going to constantly live, adhering to this philosophy. Then the location of each, even the smallest element on the residential area matters.
Building a house on Feng Shui involves a certain sequence of thoughtful actions
How do the house on the rectangular plot?
To the question of how to position the house in the country area, there are several answers. If the space is square, it is better to put a house in the center.
Layout of the country area with a small house, housekeeping and recreation platform
Planning a plot with a residential house attached garage and a gazebo
In the case of a rectangular, excessively pulled land, where the length significantly exceeds the width, it is possible - closer to one of the ends, leaving the maximum of free space. To comply with all distances, the house is better to put in direction along and not across.
Planning a plot with a two-storey house in the background
Planning a plot with a large house, bath and playground
It is advisable to move in advance the design on paper on scale, indicating all the meaningful dimensions. In narrow land plots it is forbidden to build excessively high buildings - they are able to sharpen neighboring territories, depriving them of the sun.
Build a private mansion or a cottage in accordance with all the rules, it is not difficult if you know, at what distance from other buildings it is placed. The most interesting, the right options are looking for on the Internet, but the easiest way to entrust land ownership planning to specialists.
Video: How to locate the house on the plot
Photo: Examples Accommodation at home and buildings on the site
How to locate a house on the sides of the world? Such a question asks for himself every person who begins to build his private house, plans cottage construction outside the city.
The construction of the house with the orientation of it on the sides of the world is not only a tribute to our ancestors who have had a clear planning at the South-North axis, but also took into account many other features of the location of a residential building, including the humidity and the presence of major wind streams. In such importance to design, take into account construction and Location of the house on the sides of the world ? It turns out sometimes, the economy of the space of the land plot can lead to the incorrect use of natural forces and comfort living in this house, such an irrational location does not add. On the contrary, such an attitude, creates a lot of unnecessary problems to its residents.
Why orient home
Any designer will tell you that the orientation of the house on the sides of the world is not only good to comply with traditions, but also economically, rationally from the engineering point of view.
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There are a few simple tips on the planning of the house, which is important to observe and which:
- Save money for heating or cooling at home;
- allow during the construction of the house to reduce the number of heat insulating materials in the walls;
- will give more light into the room;
- Strip the design of the building.
How to locate the house on the sides of the world We will try to tell you using information based on the design of buildings of varying complexity and for different purposes.
How to locate the house on the sides of the world
The south side is a place where it is necessary to design and use more outdoor windows, terraces. The south side is most illuminated even in winter. Entrance to the house on the sides of the world Oriented with southern binding. It is good in order to reduce the cost of throwing snow in winter, because the southern side is much faster warmed up, and the southern wind is warm, because the snow melting is much faster here. Usually the south side is a leeward side (with the exception of local characteristics), that is, the most protected from cooling. Since the entrance door is a direct contact of the air mass of the house with external air masses, then the presence and of warmer air, and smaller air flows are very good here to preserve heat.
The south side is ideal for placing rooms for games and living rooms. If the owners love sunlight and not be afraid of the heating of the bedroom to high temperatures in the summer - this is also a good option for them. By the way, this room will require less energy for heating. However, the windows on the south side are recommended to equip canopies, eaves that will protect against direct sunlight, although it is possible to give the reflected light to enter the room.
Completely differently need to plan the building from the northern side. Modern room layout allows you to make it without windows. This is desirable for many reasons, including because the solid wall will most well maintain heat. The northern part has its own plus - if there are rooms, where solar lighting is undesirable or there is no need for it, it is from the northern side that such rooms are better and placed. We are talking about technical rooms, warehouses, garages, boiler rooms. The main side is one of the most valuable. Here you can place rooms and recreation, and bedrooms, and dining rooms. First of all, it is because it is on this side with the sunrise will be the brightest, pleasant light. However, it is worth remembering that in winter this side of the world is cooled stronger, therefore, it is not recommended to arrange a large number of windows from the east.
The Western side is usually the most wet. It requires constant care and also cool. Therefore, from this side, it is better not to place bedrooms and living rooms, although this side of the light is suitable for placing storerooms, corridors, other hoz. premises.
To the fact that sometimes you can violate such general rules, we will return to the publication below, but still the basic recommendation is to fulfill these requirements, comply with the location of the house on the parties of the world. The fact is that compliance with the placement of rooms and the orientation of the construction affects the period of efficient operation of the building designs. First of all, it concerns the roof and walls. Wall enclosing structures are the first to suffer as roofing materials, from overheating by sunlight and from supercooling. It is for this for this on the recommendations developed in advance, at home receive the appropriate:
- thermal insulation;
- Communication device with the smallest effect of freezing;
- Device internal decoration of rooms based on the illumination of rooms.
That is, oriented house on the sides of the world May be more economical for the developer.
How to design a house?
Engineering projects are not rarely trying to redeem under the influence of the advice of friends or relatives. Sometimes in these councils there is a rational grain, however, the construction of the house is not only personal opinion, experience, but, above all, an accurate mathematical calculation based on scientific knowledge. Therefore, it is better not to trust in such a matter of whether there are no words, not information ten or twenty years ago, but verified proposals of designers.
The calculation of the wind, the intensity of sun rays, heating or cooling the house can hold people who are engaged in this professionally.
Where is it better to build a kitchen, living room, bathroom?
Consider the placement of specific premises if our home on the parties is already oriented. Now we will try to adjust the accommodation of rooms to understand how it is better to plan the house in a whole.kuhnya - a place where food is constantly preparing, that is, there is an increased temperature mode. In addition, a refrigerator is usually placed here. The temperature in the kitchen should be comfortable for a person who prepares, therefore you should not have the kitchen on the south side - it will be too hot in the summer. It should not be done because the refrigeration unit requires the lowest possible temperature for efficient operation. The kitchen can be located east, northeast. In exceptional cases, and with the installation of reinforced additional thermal insulation windows, it can be oriented to the north.
The living room is usually the largest room where the family is going to communicate. We said that it can be placed on the south side. However, accommodation in the east can be a good option. The fact is that in the first half of the day, when most residents of the house will at work, the room will have time to warm up, but in the evening, the sun will not make his eyes, and fill the room with a pleasant natural light. Sometimes you can try to orient the living room to the West and adjacent directions - the South-West, the North-West. You can sit on the north side if it is fulfilled without windows. If at least a small window for natural lighting is envisaged, then it is southern or southeast, the south-west side. Thus, the warm and sunshine will add the ability to dry the room due to the sunshine, and will also reduce the risk of bacteria and mold in the room. In this way, Location of the house on the sides of the world Helps get rid of harmful microorganisms.
We plan complex
It is important not only to position the windows and doors of the house, orient the whole house on the sides of the light, but to plan both the plants, shrubs, trees will be located on the site. This will allow:
- improve the landscape of the site;
- will allow the necessary green plantings on the site;
- reduce the effect of wind and the sun on the house;
- improve the microclimate of the household site;
- will make an element of high-quality design to the entire structure.
How best to plan green plantings? Traditionally it is believed that the western side of the house is ideal for accommodating windproofs at home. It is from this side better to put the trees. In the same place, they should best sit down, since this side of the world contributes to the accumulation there most of the precipitation. From the south side it is better to plant shrubs or trees that love to absorb heat. If our goal is to protect the house from overheating - such plants will be necessary there.
In a severe heat, the temperature difference between the open surface and protected by trees or foliage of high shrubs can be up to 10-15 degrees. On the contrary, if the winter is student, and the house is blown by the wind, then high trees or magnificent, thick coniferous, evergreen plantings, not only cutting a solid cold stream from the northern side, but also make it possible to reduce the cooling of the building by 5-10 degrees. The plants themselves also contribute to the holding of solar energy and can protect against drying and heating or excessive freezing the territory of the indentation area in winter. According to different data, the effectiveness of such land trees and bushes is in summer to 90% transmitted to the surface of solar radiation, and in the winter - about 50% reserved.
Feng Shui houses on the sides of the world
One of the design conditions of the house is the accounting of the wishes of the developer. Among such asks, at first glance, the proposals may be the requirement for the placement of the house on the sides of the world according to the teachings of Feng Shui. This is a Chinese teaching, a kind of philosophy, allows you to look at the traditional practice of household houses. By the way, it consistent with the classic accommodation options for houses offered by professional engineers, including in the part that gives an answer to the question of how to arrange a house on the parties to light.
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Feng Shui houses on the sides of the world In his own way, explains why to do it and how. For example, all the building is desirable to focus on the sides of the world so that the character of a person and his desire to be harmonized. Feng Shui houses on the sides of the world also approves the fact that the house is divided by at least eight parts on the sides of the world and in each direction there are features:
- Wealth is approaching the southeast,
- in the south - honors,
- South-West Direction is love, family creation,
- East - exclusively family direction,
- West - responsible for the creative aspiration of the home owners,
- Northeast - receiving information, training
- North - an increase in the service staircase,
- Northwest - travel.
In addition to these directions, we have already said the main, those that obey the elements, natural elements:
- Career is water,
- honors - fire
- Creative Start - Earth
- Family - air.
The logic of Feng-Shuya says that there is a fragment of the house that protects the family - placed family photos with all the households, where there is a part of the house where it is best to create - leave your best manual masterpieces, creative work. Fan-Shui Indicates The fact that not always gross rationality is useful when organizing the house. If you have free from buildings or vegetation, it is great, because the consciousness that is loaded and built up with fences without free fragments, means the complete absence of freedom of thought, non-critical attitude to reality, the lack of a vision of the future. Orientation on the sides of the world, according to the teachings of Feng Shui, a very thin matter, not always directly responsible for the result, since a very large role still plays in the realization of his ideas and thoughts, the person himself.
And a few more short councils of masters of this ancient Eastern teaching:
- Well, if near your home on the western side is a large, filled with movement, road;
- Excellent if the northwest direction of the site is supplemented with a tree;
- If the south side of the room is adjacent to the wasteland - this is a positive sign;
- The golden rule orientation rule on Feng-Shui: Ahead - from the south side, and from the rear facade - north;
- Kitchen, preferably located in the eastern part of the house;
- When the bedroom of people with old age is located in the southeast - this is good;
- The window of young people, a young family goes to the east or south.
If the site does not allow oriented the house
Location of the house on the site on the parties may have a significant minus. The orientation of the house on the sides of the light may be difficult due to the fact that your land plot is not suitable for such a location, rests on the corners of the house to the edge of the site or leave a meager passage.
Here it will be necessary to make a choice - or you build a house for all the rules and canons of science, or you relies on the fact that your home will be beautifully fit into a number of similar similar houses of neighbors. What is more important to you:
- habitability with neighbors;
- Own well-being;
- Rational use of resources?
The answer to these questions is obvious - it is important to build a "smart" house, where water, heat, electricity will be rationally used. And this can be achieved without resisting the natural forces, without opposing the sun, the wind, the properties of the soil, and using the whole best that nature gives us.
And yet, if you do not work at home on the site on the parties of the world, according to the recommendations of architects and schedulers, think about the project itself. It may be just a linkage of it on the ground, the use of non-standard techniques, including with unusual communications, intra-door tracks, mounted transitions, underground inputs and outputs will create a unique building image and the main thing - will pay off many times. After all, build a house you can once, but pay for irrational resources you will constantly, as well as feel discomfort from the cold window from the northern side.
Let's summarize the brief results. Placing a house on the parties is desirable. The centuries-old experience of builders, including the Slavs, which were built and cult facilities, and ordinary heats and orientation on the sides of the world. Maybe even our great-grandfathers knew a little more than we assume. The second important conclusion: the combination of windows, corridors, rooms, economic premises with orienting them on the sides of the light is of practical importance.
The most important plus, if the house on the sides of the light is focused, in the fact that we get substantial resource savings throughout the long, long-term exploitation of the house. The conclusion is obvious - such a decision will be beneficial and will bring significant advantages to the inhabitants of the house. And we just achieve this.
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Thinking about the construction of your home, I want him to be more comfortable and comfortable in accommodation. Therefore, before starting to build it, many reflect on where and how it will be located on the plot. The location of the rooms on the sides of the light correlates with the movement of the Sun in the sky. From this and there is an idea of Feng Shui with a special way of filling the rooms with natural light.
Thanks to the accounting of lighting standards, living in a residential premises becomes most comfortable and appropriate in terms of the use of natural thermal energy. These norms observed builders even in ancient times, because it is unwise to ignore the experience that was studied for years. Considering individual, as well as specific conditions when planning a house, you need to highlight the main rooms. Typically, the main rooms are those where residents of the house spend more time.
We start with the master plan ... The village. Looking for a plot for the house by drawing a conditional quadrangle of construction site on a sheet, incorrectly. Create a copy of the part of the territory that surrounds your land. Indicate on it those details that were not taken into account in the directorially. The main thing is to accommodate large trees (and in the site, and near it), trenches, as well as passes not marked in the General Plan. Well, if you manage to do this on the territory, however, you can use online cards.
The master plan will help to understand how to focus on the sides of the light (therefore should not be a plan to spontaneously - save the orientation of the leaf), as well as to take into account the location of the tracks and entrances. See how neighboring areas are located, compare borders on the plan with real boundaries.
Sometimes "surprises" pop up, so it is better to reveal them at the initial step, and not at the moment when you build capital buildings. At the same time, plan the placement of drainage pipes, as well as wells - it is very important when planning a drainage on your land plot. Properties of land relief - height differences, slopes, wetlands. And if they are not on the project, then you need to designate it right there.
When planning all kinds of construction work, you need to cause geodesists. They will determine the quality of the earth, the depth of the groundwater, the slope. They will also make a detailed plan. And if there are pronounced relief properties on the site - an essential difference in height, swamp, streams, - then make a geodesic plan necessarily. It will be required not only when determining the location of the house, as well as in the formation of the drainage system, and the selection of the type of foundation. A geodesic plan will be useful in the design of the landscape: paving, tracks, lungs, as well as green landings.
On the relief land plot, when accommodating housing, you will need to take into account much more points. The placement of it at the highest place is understandable, but not exceptionally the right move. The base of the slope also may be engaged in the construction of the house. However, it should be well planted to plan a drainage system so that the house does not "swam" at the moment of showers.
It is also very important to consider the placement of rooms: from the side adjacent to the slope. Place the shopping facilities here - cool air will accumulate here. Rooms Plan from the side of the sun. And at the existing northern part of the slope, with our climate, it is preferable not to build a house, at least for southern regions the design will be different.
Placing a house on the spot adjacent to the river, watch how it will lead yourself for 1 year: what borders will be at the moment of flood, what is the stability of the shores. Often, the desire to build housing on the coast, becomes not the best option, despite the impressive look. Pedes or the lake located on the site also need to be analyzed. However, with rational layout, they will undoubtedly help create productive drainage. I will repeat that the expert consultation will be required for complex soils.
Shape and plan of the house
The project is available, now it is necessary to understand which house you want to build. At the same time, it is advisable to know the material, and the total area, and choose a specific plan and accurately demonstrate the future plan.
Determine which form will be your accommodation: small-sized, elongated, angular. A small-sized shape, similar to a square, is considered simple. Various extensions will make it more beautiful: porch, verandas, fluels and economic extensions.
Extracted forms help combine several residential designs. Again, with benefit in heat costs. In addition, the elongated form will give an opportunity to aesthetically zonate the place and the home directly. And also plan separate outputs, divide the place for the guest and the main components of the house or share residential areas for various generations, aligning them in the middle of the room.
Angular, P-shaped location also provides the most beautiful possibilities of zoning. It will help create a closed courtyard. It may be used as a front door for input or, on the contrary, as a separated place, covered by other people's views.
A small-sized layout with a closed inland courtyard with individual construction does not apply because of historical, as well as natural phenomena. It is most peculiar to southern regions. However, such a plan still provides tempting prospects for landscape design, as well as zoning.
Garage and household buildings
A single form, a building plan - not only space for living. It is surrounded by still economic and office structures that may fit to the house or place separately. At this stage, it is necessary to decide on whether you need a closed garage, whether to add it to the house and where it will be located.
Entrance to the garage is more correct to position near the entrance gate: or opposite them (more practical option), or with a turn. If, at the entrance to the garage, it will be necessary to rotate, then the most spacious check-in area will be required than at the entrance directly.
Rotate comfortable only if you constantly drive up in one-sided direction to the site. An interesting solution is the placement of garage gates at an angle of 45 degrees to the check-in to the area. It will give the opportunity to get rid of the monophony of straight corners in the plan, and also complement the landscape with dynamics.
If the design of the garage gate is attached to the place of entry, then you can experiment with the placement of entering the house. At this step, it is necessary to determine where the entrance to the house will be located, and how many inputs will be in it - in a private house it is better to build them two.
Decide which direction will be at the main entrance. Not necessarily, he must "look" to the gate at the entrance, at least this solution is more understandable and natural. Basically, it implies the installation in the front share of the site of the front place with flowerbeds, as well as decorative palisades. Similar accommodation may be characterized as openness strategy.
When building a building with an integrated garage, the house is mainly shifted to the front boundary of the site, and also retreats from it at the distance of the entrance site (5-7 meters). At similar direction of the building, move it to the middle of the site is only valid if the long entrance will occupy a lot of space.
Next to the entrance site, in front of the porch, we usually have decorative plantings or retain a lawn here, which in this case is obliged to look elegant. The second entrance with such layout is usually located on the reverse side of the building. It is considered "private". It goes to closed from the view from the road component. The disconnection functions even psychologically, creating a "kitchen space" behind the house. Immediately such a placement will provide an opportunity to supplemented the front site. For example, decorate it with beautiful wrought-iron gates.
Another option to accommodate the entrance to the residential premises is at the side of the house. The porch may make a bilateral, send stairs to the gate, as well as to the middle of the site. The house with such location may be moved to one of the edges of the site so that the garage remains a small passage. And in front of the porch - there must be a free space. In this case, the front site will surround the angle, located in the front, and the lateral parts of the site. With this location, it is possible to make an attractive winding track, which will lead from the gate to the entrance to the residential premises, and arrange this section of plants with various forms.
Significant privacy will give the entrance to the house from the opposite side of the arrival. Basically, such an input placement is committed if it is the only one. Then there is no distribution to the front and private. A private house is usually located near the front boundary, regardless of whether there is a garage or not. In front of him placed attractive decorated shrubs. From one or two sides pass bypass tracks that wickets to the entrance, as well as the main component of the site. If there is a garage, then one of the tracks, it is possible to make a homemade passage and place it from the garage side.
The entrance to the housing may try to place according to some tips and keep the south side. This component of the house well heats the sun. It is also the least windy and constantly looks neat. In winter, if you place entrance from the south side, the appearance of snow drifts will decrease.
To the chagrin, almost all the future owners of the house and their neighbors, it is impossible to arrange housing in a plot in a completely any space. There are norms that are very tough. It is necessary to learn them before the construction of housing to design structures, given these regulations.
The main papers that need to be guided by the design of a private house:
- SNiP 2.07.01-89 (urban planning. Planning and construction of urban, as well as rural settlements).
- Snip 30-02-97 (layout and construction of land of gardening country associations of people, premises and structures).
In addition, highly specialized norms are created that relate to the design of specific engineering structures.
Many of these rules allow fire fighting problems, as well as sanitary security. Accommodation is prohibited:
- closer than 5 meters of garden plot bordering a carriageway;
- Closer than 3 meters from the passages, as well as the faces of the neighboring sites.
Located separate economic structures place:
- not closer than the 1st meter from the residential premises;
- shower either bath - in 8 meters from housing;
- Street bathroom - in 12 meters away.
Moreover, these distances must be followed in relation to structures at the next site. On settling with mass development, as well as blocked buildings, like numerous cottages, operate their own norms.
With the edge either in the center
In a small area, the conditions of the law do not preserve a special space for imagination when the houses and various structures are located, and sometimes, in principle, practically unnecessary. However, on 6 weaves, some freedom is still available. Here it is necessary to determine whether the housing is shifted to one facet of the site (do not forget about the necessary 5-three-meter interval), the residential premises will be located in the corner, or will take place directly in the center.
Often, people building a house prefer an angular location to save the square, and also leave the other place open. If you need an extensive review, then such a decision is reasonable.
However, the house is the main component of the zoning of the site. It shares the place to separate sites. Its central location allows you to get a separate place from any side of it. Despite the fact that any of them will be mala by comparison with the united place. The site will look larger due to a variety of varieties, as well as functional solutions.
Such isolation of the location of various places will give an opportunity, for example, to allow the main problem of activity separation. Thus, noisy children's or sports fields make sense to position the building back from the bedrooms, and the household place with a workbench, chips, tools, or a garden with a humus - distribute with a summer dining room. In a detailed landscape, all people living in the house will be able to find the place for their own affairs, as well as the likelihood of either, on the contrary, to go to the most "active" place.
This example once again demonstrates that at the stage of the selection of the site for the house, it is already necessary to understand what the planning will be. Then you will be able to think about the routes, as well as compare the inner and external work. For example, summer dining room is comfortable to sit near the kitchen in accommodation and access to guest rooms. And it is better to place the playground in front of the kitchen windows so that you can look after the child at the time of cooking, and the bedroom may be separated by a partition made of shrubs.
Side of Light
Do I need to direct residential premises on the parties of light? Definitely yes. Given the way to move the sun, you are planning an interior lighting scheme as well as a landscape. On this account, by the way, there are also norms. Detailed viewing of illumination is also used in the design of energy efficient buildings. The maximum use of the natural source of heat makes it possible to save on heating, and housing is done very convenient.
When the building is location, take into account the fact that the shadow will fall into it. Its dimensions and movement on the site for one day and year may be calculated, given the path of moving the sun. Take this moment when planning the place. From the northern side of the building you will not be able to arrange places in which good illumination is required - garden, orchard, lawn. In this place, it may be possible to design a home playground, whether it will suit the open parking.
Here, it is possible to locate the garden, plant shadowish cultures. And if each centimeter is important, the sun is well lit by the sun, perhaps maximize this space over the verge of the site. This method is effective in the event that the driving part is located on the northern side. Place the accommodation near the northern border, then its shadow will fall on the roadway, and not to sum up the site. If this part is adjacent to the neighboring area, then their interests should be taken into account.
Planning house accommodation on the sides of the world, consider the building plan. Think of the lighting scheme at the same time: all rooms should be well lit.
Wind and noise insulation
In addition to the Sun, take into account the streams of air. As the cool air accumulates at the foot of the slope, so it "flows" and from large fences, as well as other buildings, rushes into narrow passages and "tunnels". This is very important when planning different places, as well as during the distribution of plantations.
Another reason why, perhaps, to protect the accurate layout is a hum. Surely the neighboring lawn mowers can not be drowning at all, but it is quite likely to form a sound atmosphere. The house of his own form will help to divide the loud and harsh places - but whether it is necessary to apply it. Consider the environment. If there is a forest stitch to any border of the site, then we guide the short places here. In the direction of the track, it is necessary to turn the economic and public places. Private rooms that require calm, send the site inside.
Excellent helpers in protecting the hum - plants. Many greenery muffled the noise that comes from the roadway. This method is actively used in urban planning. It would be good to capture the buzz at the same time at 2 levels, combining trees and bushes. By placing a similar partition along the entire length of the site (again, given the standards), you will make a plot of much quieter and at the same time place its borders.
Accommodation of rooms on the sides of the light.
Hallway, guest room
Entering the housing, you will immediately find yourself in the hallway. We analyze the necessary recommendations for the arrangement of this room: in the hallway it is recommended to additionally equip a small tambour, which will be separated by a cool street and a warmed house. In this case, you separate dust, dirt, as well as cool air, which is entered into the house, people entering it.
The optimal option is access to other rooms directly. Often, from the hallway make exits in the living room, dining room, kitchen, office. Try to reduce the extra metrar of the corridors. In the hallway, the window is allowed not to install. This is reimbursed by balanced unnatural lighting.
Better living room located from the west side. It is believed that in the evening in this room, there are usually many people, and the rays of the setting sun will provide their special atmosphere of comfort.
Other types of living room functional: Application as dining room, combining with kitchen; Accommodation near the terrace to expand the place to relax.
Dining room, kitchen
The dining room is more correct to place closer to the south. The living room and dining room can be made aligned, or combine with the kitchen. Zoning at a similar arrangement is done with the help of a bar counter or a small fence.
As a room for guests, and the dining room is more correct to post close to the terrace. In the warm period of the year you will have the opportunity to eat on the street. Suitable kitchen space - the northern side. It is explained by this that the kitchen is the zone "hot." And it belongs to the technical premises that are better to have in the northern direction.
This place is usually located on the upper floors (if such exist). Regarding the parties to the bedroom light, it is better to arrange the eastern side in order to, waking up in the morning, you could look at the rays of the rising sun. Children's room and bedroom, it is better to proceed on the southeast side.
And if there is not one bedroom in the house, then you will arrange them along with the right side of the house, if you specify them on various floors.
Bathroom, shower, bathroom
The bathroom in the house should be the only one. Other, identical to the functionality of the room, makes sense to build in the form of small-sized shower and bathrooms. If there is such an opportunity, such bathrooms are obliged to be near any of the bedrooms.
Considering a nice bathroom, it is more correct to place it with a sunny, south side.
Planning toilets, pay attention, in which place and how to pass communication so that the sewer pipe is not near the bedroom.
Stairs and utility rooms
A staircase that leads to the top floor must be comfortable and capturing as much as possible useful place. Near her you need to equip a comfortable approach. An integral condition is the presence of a natural light source.
Storeroom, oven, dressing room placed from the north. Natural light for these rooms is optional. Often, such premises complement the main rooms: the kitchen is completing the storage room, and the bedroom is a dressing room.
Balconies, terraces, balconies
If you planned the terraces, the best place for them is the eastern or west side of the room. The optimal location of the winter garden is the northern direction. Plants will be protected (from the rays of the Sun) and the house (from the cold wind).
In private residential buildings, the use of balconies is least distributed due to the walking distance of the exit in the courtyard or, for example, in the veranda. A lot of problems may appear because of the balconies. It often happens that they flow during the rain period, and in winter - snowball accumulates. Therefore, they need to regularly look after them.
Having considered all sorts of places for the location of the house on the site and rooms in the house, as well as given the optimal location on the sides of the world, you can easily create your own, ideal plan.
Before eating a house on the acquired site, it is necessary to carefully examine the documentation that regulates the arrangement of land plots. The list of the desired rules of development contains SNiP 30-102-99.
Table of contents:
A plot for housing construction (Izhs) is called land, bought for personal purposes. Construction standards are allowed there not only to relax and grow agricultural crops, but also to build buildings of residential and economic purposes.
The status of the main house may be different (this is directly affected by the type of land plot):
- Individual house.
- Garden house (cottage).
- Country house.
According to the provisions of land plots, each of the above varieties falls under the concept of a "manor house". It is impossible to erect them where it is impossible: the location of the main and auxiliary objects is strictly regulated by SNiP.
Distance to various objects on the plot
Developing the construction scheme of the site, should be guided by minimally allowed distances from the dwelling to other buildings:
- Economic facilities and places of livestock, poultry and animals - 15 m.
- Pit under compost, country closet, garbage collector - 15 m.
- Filtering well productivity 1m³ / day - 8 m.
- Filtering well productivity up to 3m³ / day - 10 m.
- Septic with productivity up to 1m³ / day - 5 m.
- Septic productivity up to 3m³ / day - 8 m.
As for the summer soul, it falls under the norm for the septic.
Minimum distances between different objects on the site
When determining the distance between the main home and various sources of pollution, there are specific factors (the presence of noise, electromagnetic oscillations, vibrations, radiation, unpleasant odors, etc.). For each situation there are special regulatory documents.
Distance to objects at the next site
It should also be taken into account the details of the elements of the neighboring section:
- Country house - 3 m.
- Auxiliary buildings - 1 m.
- Hlev, pigsty, chicken coop - 4 m.
- Tall trees - 3 m.
- Middle height trees - 2 m.
- Bushes - 1 m.
Minimum distance between objects in adjacent areas
These norms concern objects on each of the neighboring sites.
Distance between two residential buildings
The distance from the residential building to a similar structure in the next section is governed by separate fire standards, and depend on the class of fire safety.
Total class three:
- A (concrete, stone, reinforced concrete and other houses from non-combustible materials).
- In (dwellings from non-combustible materials, where the wood treated with antipirens is used as overlaps or finishes).
- C (wooden or frame houses).
When determining the distance (it can be from 6 to 15 m) between residential buildings in neighboring sites, their class is taken into account. Two stone cottages should be away from each other at a distance of at least 6 m. Between the stone and wooden housing, the distance should be increased to 8 m. The largest distance fireproof norms are prescribed for two wooden houses: between them should be at least 15 m.
Minimum distance between different types of residential buildings
The red line in construction is called the border separating from the house of the road, passages, tracks and other public facilities. As the rules say, the border of the street should be removed from the dwelling by 5 m, the passage is 3 m.
Location "Red Line" A - residential building, b - red line (line fence line), С - Economic building.
Location of the house on the sides of the world
Deciding with the location of the house, it is necessary to correctly orient it in space: this will make it possible to fill the dwelling with natural light, significantly saving the cost of lighting and heating. As you know, the sun from some directions shines more intensively, and from others less. In addition, rose winds prevailing in this area is taken into account. Despite the fact that each of the regions has its own specifics, however, there are secondary statistics on the country. According to it, the most unfavorable is the Western, Northern, and the North-West direction: most often cold and gusty winds blowing from there.
In the perfect embodiment, the housing orientation according to the parties looks like:
- North side. Place to accommodate various technical and utility rooms and non-residential areas. If there is a built-in garage in the project, it is best to plan on the north side. It also allows the location of the boiler room, storage room (it can be heated and unheard) and toilet without natural light. Since the northern wall is almost not covered and not heated by the Sun, it is usually done completely deaf (without windows).
- Northeast side. Excellent option for the location of the entrance (porch, doors, tambour). In the dwelling itself, heated household premises are usually planned along this side - laundry, workshops, instrumental rooms. Quite often northeast leaves the kitchen and bathroom.
- Eastern side. The most favorable, along with South, side. It is suitable for accommodating most of the premises of general purpose. If sports facilities are planned in the house (pool, gym), they are recommended to be placed in the eastern direction. There are also bedrooms of people with an active lifestyle loving physical work and early lifts. On the east side, it is also convenient to plan the dressing room.
- Southeast side. The perfect option to place the kitchen: It can be designed in the form of a separate room, or combined with the dining room. Breakfast in the rays of the early Sun is very favorably affected by appetite. The same wing is the most suitable place to accommodate the cabinets and bedrooms for people with a creative warehouse of character, as well as workers of mental professions. If there is a guest room, it is also recommended to be placed from the south-east.
- South side. Place for public premises, where all family members are most often. In the standard list it concerns the living room, dining room, nursery. If we are talking about the house of a large area with additional rooms, then it is the southern wall that is the best location of the winter garden, a musical and game room. If there is a terrace in the project, it is best to attach it from the south.
- Western side. This direction, along with the North, is considered the most unfavorable. However, it may only be present in residential premises. From a practical point of view on a western wall, it is best to place a storage room, an entrance hall and a staircase. When planning a toilet is better to make it with the window, but you need to prepare for the fact that it will be pretty cool.
An example of the orientation of the house and its premises on the sides of the world
Along with generally accepted standards, each owner of the house has its own personal preferences. Therefore, on the orientation of the house according to the parties to the light, the habits of the owners and the lifestyle of the family can influence. For example, not every hostess, souls with sunlight kitchen: With a long cooking, it can become a serious disadvantage. To the air heated with a stove or a brass cabinet, the air has been glowed and from sunlight, the kitchen is sometimes more expedient to place in the north or northeast.
House location depending on the area of the site
The size of the land territory is a serious factor requiring accounting in the layout of the location of the house.
House location on a plot of 6 acres
Very small area, so you have to try a lot to squeeze all important objects into it.
Usually any plot, regardless of its size, consists of three zones:
- House and surplus buildings.
- Garden Garden.
- Place for relaxation.
The house is the most important element of the site, so first it is necessary to determine its location. If the lion's share of the small territory will occupy the garden and the garden, the most suitable place under the cottage will be the northern part of the site, directly near the fence. This will allow to protect plant plants from the shadow and cold northern winds. If the Earth was acquired for recreation, then any place is suitable for the house: the main thing is to achieve harmony and coziness.
Examples of the location of houses in small areas (to enlarge click on the image) :
How to locate at home on a plot of 10 acres
Such land plots are most often found. Thanks to the larger area, they will have a place for a spacious cottage, a bathhouse, garden, garden, gazebos, playgrounds and a modest reservoir. If everything is rationally planned, there is also a place for a guest house and a summer kitchen. The most optimal version of the house for a portion of 10 acres is built 10x10, placed, as in the previous case, on the north side of the territory. This allows you to achieve the best lighting for the garden zone, ensuring protection for it from cold northern winds.
This looks for 10 acres
Along with the classical (geometric) location schemes, the area of the portion of 10 acres allows the use of other, more non-standard options. Fans of privacy and privacy will like the option with the placement of the dwelling in the middle of the garden. In this case, the starting point for its orientation is not the axis of the site, but directly the side of the world. To the roadway from the house you can pave a car track from gravel. It will also require a separate pedestrian path.
Examples of arrangement of houses in medium sections (to enlarge click on the image) :
How to locate a house on a plot of 20 acres
Such an extensive territory removes any restrictions on the implementation of the embodiment of the design ideas and placement of various auxiliary buildings. It is important to achieve a competent and rational placement of all elements to make the territory of harmonious, functional and convenient to use. As for the appropriate landscape style, it is most often used for sites from 15 acres. "Picturesque" style. It is characterized by the presence of smooth winding lines, asymmetric placement of elements, wide use of decor (forged parts, lights, bridges, flower, etc.).
This looks like a plot for 20 acres
Ecosil is also very popular in the design of extensive sites, preserving almost the primea area. This approach will require only easy to adjust existing natural data, without significant investment. The selected landscape design style will directly affect the location of the residential building. Along with the classic accommodation (northern part of the site), other schemes can be used. In any case, it is advisable for home to choose the highest point of the area, equipping it with the second access to the backyard.
Examples of the location of houses in large areas (to enlarge click on the image) :
The influence of the form of the site
In addition to the area of territory, the location of the main house is largely affected by its form.
How to place a house on a narrow plot
The hardest with the elongated areas, because This configuration is very limited to architectural and designer thought. In many positions, it is necessary to compromise, pushing away from the specific state of things. The zoning of narrow territory meets significant difficulties, and the finished typical projects of suitable housing are extremely rare. When determining the place of the house in this case, take care of the relief and orientation of the territory.
Examples of the planning of a narrow land
As a rule, the cottage on the elongated territory is located so that his fronton looks at the street. If the land put on the line with the central noisy road, the dwelling is shifted deeper into a quieter sector. The third option to accommodate the house on a narrow section is one of the lateral sides (where the most shadow). This allows you to achieve rational exploitation of the territory, expand the place before the estate and closer all other objects.
Land planning a narrow land
How to locate a house on a rectangular area
The most convenient form of territory for building construction. The location of the house in this case is designed depending on the preferences of the owners and features of the landscape. If the site is located on the southern slope, the house is best located at the highest point. On the eastern or western slope, the dwelling is trying to move closer to the north side, also choosing the highest place for this. The most inconvenient is the bias to the north: in this case, the most optimal place to accommodate the house will be the Western border, or the middle of the slope (for this you have to use the subference). Smooth rectangular areas, depending on their size, can be designed traditionally (the northern side of the northern side) or with a housing displacement to the depth of the territory.
Examples of the planning of rectangular sites
House location on the corner area
The most difficult situation to solve the problem where the house is located. Additional difficulties occur when the dwelling has a typical rectangular or square shape. The best option for placing such a building is on the area of the territory, or with some displacement along the axis. A more optimal approach is to design the cottage, based on the specific situation on the site. In addition, the land plot of an angular type usually possesses two-sided street overtaking. Such an intersection of the streets has a direct impact on the location of objects on the site, limiting the choice of space for the house.
Examples of the planning of angular sites (to enlarge click on the image) :
Location of the house on Fen Shui
Recently, when planning a location of the house on the site, the eastern doctrine of Fengshui is used, taking into account the presence or absence of positive or negative energies at the place of residence. In the process of research, energy flows are analyzed, emerging from earthly subsoils to the surface. Of great importance is whether there are terrestrial crust on the ground, and which radiation comes from these formations.
An example of a portion located on a hair dryer: smooth bends, rounded shapes, water elements
Although our country is Orthodox, the Councils from Fengshui have a certain health:
- Do not build a house on the top of the mountain. To accommodate the house it is not recommended to choose the top of the slope. This is a completely logical explanation, because This place is purged with strong winds and devoid of shadows.
- Prefer the traditional forms of the site. Other options are better not to choose: if the acquired territory has an incorrect configuration, it is desirable to smash not several sectors of the usual form.
- Avoid neighborhood with places having a negative energy. It is not recommended to build a dwelling near the cemetery, a track, hospital, old ruins, prison, etc. Also should be removed from industrial and contaminated zones.
On the question of the right placement of the house should be approached with all seriousness. There were cases when it was necessary to rebuild or shift the building already constructed due to violations of firefighters or sanitary prescriptions. It is most convenient to deal with rectangular land plots with an area of 10-15 acres located on a flat terrain. For them, almost any typical housing project is suitable, and with the placement of the cottage there is almost no problems.
How to locate a house on the site: By area, in form, on the sides of the world
When the house is located on the site optimal, it is its maximum shift to the border of the site in order to efficiently use the yard. The minimum allowable distance from the fence is 1 m to the protruding structures of the house, provided that the neighboring house is at a sufficient distance to meet fire requirements. 1M is left to care for the house and the implementation of the trap repair.
At what distance from the fence you can build a house
At the same time, the device must be provided with the necessary engineering and technical measures that prevent the flow of atmospheric precipitation from the roof and cornices of the house into the territory of the neighboring site.
From the front side of the site, the house is located with an installed indentation from red lines. The fencing of the site should not be over the Red Street line.
Distance between fire protection houses
Between the houses I and II degree fire resistance to leaving the distance less than 6 m, if the wall of a higher home is picked up.
The distance between the two-storey frameworks of the degree shield houses and houses covered with flammable materials should be increased by 20%.
If there are no windows in the walls opposite neighboring houses, then the distance between them is allowed to be reduced by 20%, except for the houses, IIIB, IV, IVA and V degree of fire resistance.
К I degrees Fire resistance includes houses with carriers and enclosing brick design, concrete blocks, butt stones. Overlap - reinforced concrete. The roof is filled with non-combustible materials - ceramic and metal tiles, professional flooring, slate.
II degree Fire resistance - houses with carriers and struggling structures of bricks, concrete blocks, reinforced concrete. Cleansing can be wooden with protective concrete plaster or non-combustible slab materials. In coatings can be used steel structures.
III degree Fire resistance - houses with carriers and structuring structures of bricks, boot, concrete or reinforced concrete. For overlappings, used used structures protected by plaster or hard-scale sheets and plaster materials are allowed. Fire resistance requirements are not presented to the elements of coatings, wooden coatings are subjected to flame retardant processing.
IIIA degree - Houses made of steel frame, enclosing structures - with steel profiled sheets or other non-combustible leafy materials with a hard-sizing thermulator.
IIIIB degree - houses made of wooden frame, consisting of solid or Kleen wood treated with flame retardant means, providing the required fireproof. Fencing structures - based on wood element assembly or from panels.
IV degree - Houses made of solid or glued wood and other combustible difficulty materials, with the use of plaster or other sheets or slang materials in order to protect against fire. ElementAmes are not presented to the requirements for the limits of fire resistance.
IVA degree - mainly single-storey with a metallic unprotected frame. Walls are made of steel profiled sheets or other non-combustible materials with a flammable insulation.
V - Houses to the designs of which do not prevent fire distribution requirements.
Video: At what distance from the fence you can build a house
Arrangement of buildings on the site
Within the borders of the site, several zones are commonly appointed: residential, economic, gardening (garden) and recreation area.
Buildings on the site
К Residential zone The house itself belongs. Its location depends on the shape and size of the site, the distance to neighboring houses and the location of neighboring economic buildings, the natural component of the site, such as relief and existing trees. Usually the house is better to put either first or at the end of the site, to create a comfortable space under the garden and a vegetable garden. If there is an elevation on the site, it is recommended to build on it or align the area to avoid cluster of water near the house. The presence of trees can also affect the architectural solution of the house, for example, now we often retain trees as part of the architectural design.
Placement of buildings on the site
Economic zone Usually seek to hide as far as possible, there are garages, sheds, cellar, summer kitchen, septic, summer shower and toilet. If it is planned to build a shed for animals or a street toilet, then for them it is necessary to choose a remote place to minimize the penetration of sounds and smells to the rest of the territory.
How to arrange buildings on the plot
В Garden and garden zone Place trees, flower beds, vegetable garden, greenhouse, well. It is better to locate the garden in close proximity to the house for Eggsuisual perception from the windows. If there is no desire to keep the traditional garden, you can take advantage of numerous designer of plantations in vases that will become an undoubted decoration of the landscape.
Placing buildings on the land plot
В Recreation area A good solution is the placement of the terrace, the associated houses, cozy arbor surrounded by trees. In modern homes, they often equip themselves, which makes the pastime more pleasant and useful.
Buildings on the country
With sufficient area of the site, the good form will be a pool that will not only screens up hot summer days, but also added a highlight of the highlight.
Lands of buildings in the country area
Buildings on the summer site better organize compactly and, guided by regulatory documents, it is necessary to withstand the distances between the main buildings and structures.
Examples of arrangement of buildings in areas of different shapes
The standards of placement of buildings on the land plot
For the correct arrangement of construction structures on the site, you must be guided by sanitary standards:
- The distance from the house or summer kitchen to the economic buildings for animals and birds should be at least 15m;
- The distance from the house or summer kitchen to the garbage collector, toilet, the extraction compost should be at least 15 m;
- The distance from the drinking well and the well to the house should be at least 20 m;
- The distance from the drinking well and well to the economic buildings for animals and birds should be at least 20 m;
- distance from home or summer kitchen to septicity with productivity up to 1 cubic meters / day - at least 5 m;
- Distance from house or summer kitchen to septicity with a productivity of 1-3 cubic meters / day - at least 8 m;
- Distance from drinking well to the garbage collector, toilet, compost for waste - not less than 20 m.
- In the absence of urban sewage in the territory of the site, a cleaning structure is satisfied - septic tank. The device of cesspool is prohibited.
- The distance from the drinking well and the well to septicity with productivity up to 3 m. Cube / day should be 25-30 m upstream and 40-50 m downstream and 25-30 m per perpendicular to the axis of the flow of groundwater. If within the site this distance is not possible, the wells, wells or capposts are arranged for a group of houses along residential buildings;
- The location of the master's buildings along the residential building line is not allowed;
- Economic buildings and garages in neighboring sites can be combined;
- The distance between houses and economic buildings within one site are not rationed.
Video: Location of buildings on the site
Red Line Building
The red line of development is called the border between the site in private ownership and the public zone - roads, pipelines, high-voltage lines. The norrible indentation of the house depends on the type of separation of the red line.
So, at the location of the site along the automotive highway or the main street, the indentation of the house from the red line is at least 6 m, when it is located on the secondary streets and alleys - 3 m. The fences of the household plots cannot perform for the Red Street line.
What is a red line during the construction of the house
When building a new house and designing a project with red lines is an integral part of the work. As a rule, they are designated in projects of detailed settlement planning and are stored in architecture local assembly.
Red line in construction
Information about the red lines is built in cases:
- construction of a new house;
- Inventory of land and buildings located on the marines;
- land surveying;
- Creating construction projects
- House designation in personal property.
Video: Red building line
Location of the house on the sides of the world
The location and orientation of residential and public covers should be carried out taking into account the provision of the regulatory duration of insolation of the lighting standards in accordance with the "sanitary standards and the rules for the protection of buildings and the residential territories" and SNiP II-4-79 "Natural and Artificial Lights".
How to locate the house on the land on the sides of the world
When the house is located on the site, it is necessary to take into account its layout, since the requirements for insolation of different premises differ.
So, the most favorable on the insolation side should leave rooms in which family members spend the most time, usually this is a living room, a kitchen-dining room, a terrace. The most favorable on the insolation side is southeast.
East also well-orient bedrooms to celebrate the rising sun. The south side is well located to have winter gardens, which are decoration of the house and a cozy corner at any time of the year.
Planning a site on the sides of the light
From the south-west side in summer days the rooms are overheated, which is compensated with the help of shades, such as marquises, green plantings, dense curtains, rollers, windows on the windows.
On the other hand, to monitor the sunset, a good solution is to equip a place to rest exactly from this side. North oriented premises that do not need a lot of lighting, such as bathroom, bedroom, garage, utility rooms.
For energy efficiency, it may not make windows at all, or make them minimal, because during the cold season, it takes a significant amount of heat.
Examples of successful planning relative to the parties of the world
Video: Location of the house on the sides of the world
Bath on the site
Having a bath on the plot, it is necessary to proceed from the size and form-page and the bath itself. Ideal is a landscaped quiet indispensable place, possibly with an artificial reservoir or a swimming pool, which will create a cozy cozy corner, where in harmony with nature you can get a good energy charge Irasslab. The undoubted jury of the bath will be a terrace or a veranda, performing a cozy place for recreation.
According to constructive features, two types of baths are distinguished - an old image, a bath "in black", in which there is no chimney, and all smoke gets straight into the room, seeps on the street through the holes in the walls, and more familiar to all connogenbany "in white" with chimney .
Where to locate the bath on the site
The bath "in black" must be built with an indent from the site or other buildings at least 12 m. It is desirable to have it to be located on the side where the winds blow. This type of bath is rarely built due to insufficient hygienicness and increased fire hazard, although it is precisely such a bath that is considered the most useful.
Distance from Bath to the fence
The Banch "White" is also recommended to build separately from other buildings, however, to save space, materials and convenience, they can be combined with a garden house, summer kitchen, workshop, greenhouse, etc. This facilitates the supply of communications and makes it possible to implement a single interesting architectural intent.
Bath location on the site
In the picture, the bath is successfully combined with a summer kitchen and adjoins the greenhouse, which makes a convenient laying of communications and creates a holistic compact structure. The same time, on the contrary, the landscaped area and recreation area are well located, which is addictive to its use.
1 - house; 2 - terrace; 3 - low-spirited fruit trees; 4 - gazebo; 5 - berry bushes; 6 - Green hedge; 7 - fruit trees; 8 - flower bed; 9 - Summer Kitchen; 10 - Bath; 11 - garden; 12 - greenhouse; 13 - water tank; 14 - toilet; 15 - compost.
How to place a bath on the site
In this version, the bath is successfully inscribed in the recreation area among the trees. They create a cozy and convenient to use the corner of a relaxing rest with a swimming pool and gazebo.
1 - house; 2 - garage; 3 - livingizorgore; 4 - flower bed; 5 - terrace; 6 - playground; 7 - garden; 8 - greenhouse; 9 - hoz. the buildings; 10 - compost; 11 - toilet; 12 - Bath; 13 - pool; 14 - gazebo; 15 - berry bushes; 16 - fruit trees.
Video: Bath on the plot
Garage at the site
Having a garage on the site, you should give preference to embedded waters and auxiliary buildings on the building or by the depth page.
In the neighboring areas of the garages, as well as economic buildings, allowed to unite. Three types of garage can be distinguished on the site - built-in, attached and detached.
Garage construction standards in the private sector
The built-in garage is most often in the base part of the house, can also be on the first floor. The benefits of such a type of garage include savings of the territory of the yard, a convenient connection with the house, carried out through the corridor, a tambour or other buffer room, saving on the construction and conduct of communications.
Location of the house and garage on the plot
The disadvantages are the need for additional sound insulation and ventilation and a part of the useful area of the house.
Options extension garage
The garage attached to the house is erected most often after the construction of the house itself. Its dignity is a convenient connection with the house, the economic benefit compared to the detached garage, since the costs of building and conducting communications are reduced.
Garage construction rates
However, the wall between it and the house should be from non-combustible materials, since the garage is a fire-hazardous room.
Options for the location of the detached garage
The detached garage is located on the plot depending on the convenience of arrival, the size of the garage, the size and shape of the site, the presence of different functional zones on the plot.
Video: Garage on the plot
The advantage is the isolation of noise and smells from the house, as well as the remoteness of fire hazardous premises.
How to locate a garage on the plot
The disadvantages include an increase in the cost of construction and additional conducting communications - electricity, water, ventilation, reducing the useful area of the site, increasing access pathways and possible pollution of the territory from the machine.
It is recommended to place it immediately at the entrance to the courtyard.
Video: How to locate the house on the plot
On the Internet there are many photos depicting flawlessly decorated summer cottages. Beautiful cottages were removed on them with terraces and pools, surrounded by competently composed flower beds. In the pictures, everything looks perfect, but how to achieve such perfection on its summer cottage. It all starts with a planning. First, the land has been investigated and everything that refers to it is, and after that the plan of the future estate is drawn up.
Analysis of the territory
Procedure analysis of the site helps to plan it with the greatest practicality. This is a kind of diagnosis that will show where it is best to build a house, in which place to break the garden, how to prepare the soil to plant plant.
What includes the analysis of the territory:
It is important to pay attention to the form of the plot itself. Its configuration sets a method for distributing zones of various purposes and the trajectory of garden tracks.
Where to build a residential building
The main structure in the country area is home. Subsequently, it cannot be shifted into one direction or another, so when choosing a place for its construction, the proverb "Seven times will die, once again." First of all, you need to know where it is definitely impossible to build it. In the practice of the construction of residential buildings there are restrictions of a purely practical nature, as well as construction standards and rules (SNiP).
Basic Rules Simple Language:
- From the base of the house before the fence should remain Minimum 1 M. ;
- For the purpose of fire safety, all houses on the street are located on the one hand, that is, or closer to the left border of land, or to the right. If neighboring sites are already built up, you need to do it like the neighbors or, as an option, build a cottage in the middle;
- From other buildings, the house should defend at least 6 m ;
- Be sure to comply with distances to red lines: driving part, power transmission, central line of water supply, sewage and gas pipelines. These norms can be found in local land management.
After taking into account all the restrictions defined by various types of technical regulations, part of the Earth remains available for the legal construction of the house. Now you need to consider the location of the site in terms of convenience of using them.
It is not recommended to place the house in the depths of the defense Since its useful area will be used not rational: the length of the track leads to the gate, and the driveway to the hosted and the house will increase. Yes, and overcome every time a long way to the entrance door is not very convenient, especially in winter.
The separation of the country area on the zone is carried out for the same reason why partitions are installed in the apartment between individual rooms. Only instead of brick walls here is used something else. The division into zones in most cases does not imply the creation of clear boundaries from the deaf fences. Due to this, to get, for example, from a holiday destination in the garden, no need to bypass a long fence.
Basic principles of separation of the area for zones
To approach the zoning of cottages should, considering the features of the relief of land, its location in relation to neighboring houses and, of course, considering its desires. Most of the country sites are present 4 separately from another zone.
As a rule, 4 main zones stand out:
- Economic. It is located behind the house, so the "rear courtyard" is often called, includes a barn for inventory, workshop;
- Garden. Can also be separated by the conditional boundary;
- Rest zone. Shutd up with a gazebo, a canopy, decorative elements;
- Yard. Playground in front of the entrance door.
Each of these zones can be divided into sub-zones. In a large yard, a patio is often satisfied or a place under the garage stands out.
If the courtyard is small, the place under the garage and parking is given in the economic part, but it is planned to be a separate entry for the car.
In addition, you can make additional platforms adapted to the needs of family members: sports, creative, relaxation. If there are children in the family, in the recreation area or in the yard, a playground is created, which can be combined with the sports ground.
How to properly zonate the plot - look in our video:
How to split zones
Decorative fences are applied to the separation of one zone. They are made in the form of a grille or a low shouldheld and do not block the overview of the landscape.
You can also use a live fence from deciduous shrubs or coniferous plants.
An excellent way of distinction is the various types of flower beds: Rabata, floral borders and mixboraders. They are broken along the distinction tracks.
You can use a solid zoning fence only in the case when you need to completely extinguish any part of the site. For example, dust is applied to the courtyard from the vegetable garden and it needs to be protected from dirt. The decorative hedge in this case will not help, you need to install an impenetrable fence or create a high alive fence. In the same way, it is recommended to do when it is required to completely separate the economic part of the cottage.
Council. If the relief of the site has a height difference, retaining walls are used as a separation element. 3-4 Wide steps on the coolest slope will simplify movement on the territory and become a natural transition between individual zones: garden and garden, yard and resting place.
Where to make garden beds and garden
The figures of statistics show that the garden and garden occupy up to 75% of the Earth in the country, and share them in half. Consequently, under vegetable beds takes about 25-30%, that is, almost a third of the total area. This is quite a lot. Given that the garden is not the most aesthetic object on the plot, it is usually broken down on the outskirts, in a distance border.
It is impossible to grow a good harvest of vegetables without irrigation, so when planning the garden is important to think about the water supply method. It can be pipes laid in the ground, a well, drilled directly near the bed or a large tank, filled with water with a hose.
Too shaded plot will also not give high yields. It should not be surrounded by high trees or fence, blocking sunlight. For this reason The garden is not suitable on a narrow strip between the garden and a solid hedge, from the northern side of the house or on the northern slope.
Fruit trees are planted in several ways: in one place is a large group, one near the boundary of the site, point throughout the territory of the cottage.
Garage and household buildings
If you allow the possibility of a plot, a garage with parking for personal transport is better to arrange near the house, but with the opposite side of the parties.
In this case, the courtyard will be fully released, and a great opportunity will appear to create a beautiful landscape with artificial reservoirs, flower beds, a stone garden. Such a garage location will allow it to be built under one roof with utility rooms: woodwoman, coal, cabbage for gardening inventory. In each of these premises a separate entrance is made.
When the house is planned close to the side border of the site, the platform between it and the opposite border have to be divided into two parts: under the yard and place for the garage. With this position, it is better when the facade of the house with the front door turn to the street, since the porch will not occupy the useful area between the garage and the building wall. He will enjoy the flower bed, broken from the garage wall.
Arrangement of the recreation area
Different people think of rest can be varied. For some of these classes on the playground, for other relaxation by the pool, and for third barbecues with friends. But for all this you need to highlight the place and equip it with a suitable way.
Principles Planning Place for Recreation
Choosing a plot for leisure, it is recommended to adhere to three rules. The holiday platform should be:
- Hidden from prying eyes;
- Stay not far from home;
- Protected from wind and, if possible, from rain.
In the spacious yard is suitable for the patio zone. It is not far from the entrance to the house, so in the summer season you can start every morning with coffee in the fresh air and finish the day here for a cup of tea. If the area of the yard does not allow or already occupied by parking, a garage, a playground, the resting place is arranged on an outdoor terrace. It is no less romantic than the patio, besides, all tea-coffee makers are at hand.
For a rest, a small company can make a gazebo in the garden. In the gazebo or not far from it, a brand is installed or a barbecue place is given. The surrounding background is drawn up accordingly.
Pond, stream, waterfall, cascade and other hydraulic structures are created as independent decorative objects or as part of the composition with alpine slide.
What exactly to choose to build a summer cottage depends on its area. So, not even a very long stream takes a lot of space and for this reason it is not suitable for the arrangement of a small area (the exception is the layout without a garden).
It is placed with a reservoir on the viewed, open place, away from trees, whose foliage can clog water. Integrated into the recreation area, the pond or stream will perfectly complement the landscape and will make leisure more pleasant.
Council. If for technical reasons it is not possible to create a water, you can make a dry stream. Unlike water flow, it has its advantages: does not attract insects, safe for children.
Auxiliary architectural structures
Small architectural structures will help to dilute the landscape and make it more saturated. Sometimes they carry a purely aesthetic load, but may have a practical purpose. It is a different type of arbor, pergolas, bridges, well logs and so on. Such elements are surrounded by flower beds and decorative vegetation. It is necessary to establish them in the appropriate places: in the recreation area, in the garden, in the yard.
The garden is not accepted to decorate art elements, but it can be done in it. For example, it is permissible to build a small bench and pergola in the form of the arch, in the shade of which is pleasant to rest.
If vegetable beds are interspersed with flower beds, they are issued as part of the landscape and complement the various decorative elements: woven, mill, garden shapes, spicy floors.
Layout of non-standard sections
Of particular difficulties with the planning of incorrect configuration sites, as a rule, does not occur. On the contrary, you can create unusual, exclusive landscapes. The main thing is not to be afraid to stand out against the background of standard solutions.
If the stretched area
Long put on the ground only at first glance seems difficult for planning. In fact, such a plot has an important dignity: it is easier to divide into zones. They divide one by one by the degree of importance or aesthetic indicators: living area, children's and sports field, place for barbecue, garden, garden, bath, and at the very end the economic part.
The house is erected immediately at the entrance gate. It is recommended to leave enough space between the facade and the fence for the device of the parisader, the covered canopy or a paved courtyard. As the garage space remains not so much, it is better to make it in the project of the house, placing in the basement, and the parking is equipped on the site before the gate.
All zones are connected by one track laid along the edge or in the center of the manor. It is desirable that the track has a winding trajectory, it will help to visually expand the boundaries of the site, make it visually spacious.
Important. The fence on bothering with their neighbors is better to do short and not solid. First, it gives less shadow, and secondly, the lightly enclosing structure will hide the constancy of the territory.
If a plot with a slope
A large minus of areas with a slope is the complexity of their arrangement, additional costs of strengthening the slopes and the creation of flat sites. But if you do not be afraid of all this, the height differences open the ability to create an exclusive landscape with terraces. Already existing mountainous relief allows you to create a waterfall with a cascade and an alpine slide in the conditions of the most close to natural.
The house is erected at the highest point. This location will protect the structure from spring floods and landslides. In addition, from the height, the entire area and the closest neighborhood coming to the estate. The exception is the slope dropping on the northern direction: on it, the house is recommended to be built around in the middle, so that the building does not shadow the land put on completely.
Practical tips on the arrangement of the site on the slope:
- For the convenience of movement on the coolest slopes, staircases made of concrete, natural stone or bricks are arranged;
- Played on the landfill of willow, lilac, rosehip will strengthen it with glossing roots and prevent the soak of soil;
- The drainage system is used to lead the wave and rainwater. It includes the drainage channels of an open and closed type;
- In the lower part of the retaining walls, drainage holes are arranged through which the excess moisture is removed;
- To prevent landslides, the coolest slopes are tightened with agricultural or grid. The soil layer is poured on top, after which the sharpening plants are planted or the lawn is seeded.
If the square is square
Oddly enough, a plot having the form of the right square is quite difficult to plan. You can spoil everything by building a house in the center. With this location between the fence and the structure, the distance is not sufficient for rational use. Of course, this does not concern the plots of a large area.
It is best to divide the territory visually on 2 equal parts, and the one is closer to the street, once again divided by half. A house is built on one of them, and the second is diverted under the courtyard, parking and garage. The remaining half of the site is distributed between the garden and the garden. In this case, garden beds are broken from the south or east side so that the fruit trees do not block the sunlight.
Features of the planning of sections of different areas
Requirements for the location of houses are subject to the same on small and large areas. Finding a place for the house, which is suitable for the Law of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the rest of the land is allowed to distribute at its discretion. That it will be planned - an agricultural farm, a household garden, a tennis court, is the matter of the owner of the cottage.
Six acres, it is the standard dimensions of the land of Soviet times. Since the land is engaged in the neighborhood of the same country areas, in most cases there is no opportunity to expand, and the lack of an area is forced to save space. You can do it by building a house with an attic: the structure takes the land less, and the living area of the premises increases almost twice. Also, you can free up part of the area, making the garage on the first floor of the house or in the basement.
It is not recommended to save on the recreation area using the area under the garden or fruit shrubs. If the construction of the bath is planned for 6 acres, the rest area is arranged between it and the residential house. In this case, the distance from the house to the bath will be laid 6 m or more.
If the site has an area greater than 6 acres, this does not mean that you need to take more space under the garden. The needs of the family in vegetables remains the same, and the cultivation of surplus, which will then have to distribute to neighbors and acquaintances, takes a lot of time and labor. At the cottage of 10 acres (without prejudice to the rest of the important zones), the pool will quite fit. It is mounted in a sunny place where the water will warm well.
Important. It should be noted that the reservoir at the dacha is fashionable, but it cannot replace the pool. When the choice should be made between them, priority should be given in favor of the pool.
All decorative objects require attention and care. Garden figures, bridges, reservoirs, benches and so on you need to paint, pate and repair. Therefore, it is not necessary to overload the plot with extra details, otherwise there may be quite a bit for rest.
Working out the project of the country's dacha on 12 acres, you can not stop on any one style. The garden and garden are more convenient to smash in strict geometric outlines, and the landscape of the recreation area can have an arbitrary design.
The space near the house is drawn up as a parade part of the site. In the interval between the facade and the hedge, an alpine hill, a rocque or a Japanese garden is created.
If the crop growing does not excel the plans for the future, the house is located at a sufficient distance from the roadway. Recreation areas are distributed throughout the country and interspersed with artificially created elements of natural landscape, flower beds, lawns. All this is connected together with winding garden tracks.
In the case when you need to get a vegetable, fruits and berries for the billets for the winter, there are enough space for 12 acres and to create places of recreation, and for the garden. Hovering the layout of the land plot, you should apply a creative approach and find what the country landscape will be given unique.
How to correctly plan your plot - see in our video: